...IS THE CONDITION OF MIGRANT CLASS
On the trains that ply from the impoverished eastern region to the promised land of the Western India, the socio-economic stratification of India is aptly displayed. These overloaded trains carry along those who are denied opportunities in their homeland; they make up the much derided factor of production; labour. Displaying the scale and growth of regional disparity, these migrations have serious implications. The per capita income ratios between the highest & the lowest earning states, Punjab & Bihar respectively, (as well as between Maharashtra & Bihar) are 4.19 & 3.94 respectively. With poverty concentrated in eastern states & rain-fed regions of western India, the local residents participate extensively in inter-regional migration as that constitutes a significant livelihood strategy.
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Source:- IIPM-Business and Economy, Author:- Prof. Arindam Chaudhuri - 2006